Equality and equity are very close terms. So much so that many times they are used interchangeably. However, this use is incorrect. Equality refers to equal treatment or conditions for all. Equality is about asking or giving exactly the same to all people, whether or not they are the same. This often generates unfair situations for some of the parties involved. the equity, on the other hand, seeks justice within equality, so to speak. For example, if the equality between all the components of a society is implemented, it would be talking about an unjust society. This is because they would not be taking into account the different capacities of each of its members. Equity, therefore, implies unequal treatment among unequals that guarantees fairer conditions for all.
|Definition||Equity is the distribution to everyone what they need, not more, not less. It also involves equal treatment for everyone, taking into account their differences and respecting each of them.||Principle or condition that recognizes an equalization in terms of rights and obligations of all parties that make up a whole. Non-proportional equivalence|
|Etymology||The term equity comes from the Latin “aequss” which means “equal”. It also has Greek roots: “͗επιεικεία” which means “justice in the right case”.||Also, the word equality comes from the Latin: “aequalĭtas”, which literally means balanced, relative.|
|Examples||Speaking of paying taxes, for example, in many countries it has been legislated that whoever has more, pays more. That is, the tax payment must go according to the income of the person. In this way it is guaranteed that everyone pays, but according to their possibilities.||On the other hand, some other (few) legislations continue to opt, as previously, for charging the same amount to everyone. This obviously is unfair, because both the richest man in the city, as the poorest, should pay the same.|
Contents: Equality vs. Equity
Equality and equity are two intimately related principles, which although often used interchangeably, have different meanings. In Spain and Europe in general the term equality is used to encompass all the nuances that involve both terms. In Mexico and Latin America, on the other hand, the difference in the meaning and use of equality and equity is usually marked.
On the one hand, equality is the condition in which the same status is recognized for two obviously different persons. Equality poses a situation of completely proportional equivalence, in addition, implies a fair distribution of obligations and rights. Talking about equality implies talking about a universal legal principle that establishes that all people are equal, that there are no differences in value regardless of race, nationality, gender, sexual preferences, age and others.
Equity, although similar to equality, carries other aggregate connotations. Equity involves a fair distribution between “unequal”, that is, “for each person according to their needs and to each according to their abilities”. It can be said that within equity there is no equality, but justice. For example, gender equity ensures that there is justice between both genders. When talking about equity, we speak of an equivalent and fair distribution of obligations, responsibilities and benefits.
Gender equality is the goal for which many groups struggle. It is the principle that ensures that men and women are equal and have the same rights and the same obligations. Gender equality strives for women to overcome the educational and labor lag that exists worldwide.
On the other hand, gender equity seeks impartial treatment between men and women, in which their specific needs are taken into account first and foremost. Within gender equity there may be unequal but equivalent treatment, and that is the goal of equity; an equivalent distribution for each man or woman according to their needs, abilities and possibilities.
The goal of gender equity is to incorporate into the area in question, specifications that allow some compensation for all the disadvantages that women have had throughout history against the advantages of men.
For example, in the search for labor equity, women have some facilities designed specifically to help their development. One of them is maternity leave, which is a work benefit in which a pregnant woman is granted certain weeks before and others after the birth of her baby, of paid rest. This is to ensure that the mother spends time with her child and can recover from the impact on health and body that the birth of a child entails.
However, labor lag and inequality remain very present. Many women lose their job when they announce their pregnancy. Others are reduced in salary and even, many women without being mothers earn much less than men in their same position.